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MSO Section 3 UMAT Questions

Lantern

New Member
This thread contains UMAT Section 3: Non-Verbal Reasoning practice questions, obtained from the MSO question bank, as well as newly written questions by members. [Threads will soon be added for the other two sections]

Please do not post on this thread as it is for questions only, and for any discussions or assistance, please feel free to post on the UMAT Question Discussion Sub-Forum.

If you have a UMAT question that you have written yourself, and have the rights to publish, please feel free to add it at MSO Gold Star competition - UMAT questions | Med Students Online to win a gold star. Any contributions are highly appreciated.

Credits for these questions go to Mana, adomad, Liquid8
 
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Lantern

New Member
Question 1:
What is the next in the series? (Suggested time: 30 seconds)



[tabs]
[tab=options]A.


B.


C.


D.

[/tab]
[tab=A]A. No. What is the next correct order of the letters? [/tab]
[tab=B]B. No. What happens between the first picture and the second?[/tab]
[tab=C]C. Good! As always, C stands for “Correct”.[/tab]
[tab=D]D. No. What is the correct transformation between letters going from position 1 to position 2? [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] For this kind of question, you have to be able to visualise what happens to objects as they transform. Changes between the first and second pictures would be duplicated in the second and third pictures. Sometimes things can be transformed but because of their shape you can’t see the transformation (for example, if you were to rotate the letter O in any direction, it would still look pretty much the same.) Also take note of which position ends up in the next position. Time-wise, you need to be able to get the idea of the pattern straight away, take 10 seconds to figure out the transformation between each step, and the rest of the time spent applying the transformation to the last one. -Mana[/tab]

[tab=Explanation][/tab][tab=Explanation]Each permutation comes with the following transformations:

1. The letter in position 1 moves to position 2 and rotates 180 degrees.
2. The letter in position 2 moves to position 3 and rotates 90 degrees clockwise.
3. The letter in position 3 moves to position 1 and rotates rotates 45 degrees clockwise.

Remember that S can rotate 180 degrees and still look the same and O can rotate any number of degrees and look the same.
If you still don’t get it… maybe ask someone else to explain it to you. -Mana
[/tab]
[/tabs]


Difficulty: ★★★★

This question is © Mana 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

Lantern

New Member
Question 2:

Select the picture that would logically fill the empty space.(Suggested time: 1 minute)





[tabs]

[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Incorrect [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Incorrect [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach]When you see this question type (3×3 grid), you should automatically consider a range of patterns characteristic of this question type: overlaps, number patterns, ‘one of each’…etc [/tab]
[tab=Hint]This one is an overlap question, and you should be able to identify it by the fact that a lot of the elements are similar across columns/rows, however some disappear. These questions are generally bound by one rule: across each column/row, all the elements in the 1st box and 2nd box will be in the 3rd box, except those present in both boxes. I.e. imagine superimposing the 1st box on the 2nd box, where all elements which fall on top of each other get erased.[/tab]

[tab=Explanation]After recognising this pattern, all you have to do is check it by considering each row.
ROW 1:circle, blackdot, line + whitedot, line = circle, blackdot, whitedot
ROW 2: >, blackdot, whitedot + circle, blackdot = >, whitedot, circle
Therefore, in ROW 3: line, blackdot, whitedot, ^ + circle, whitedot, ^ = line, blackdot, circle = B

Note that this pattern, if recognised, can be completed very quickly. It occurs in a lot of the grid questions in the UMAT, and it is important that you learn how to recognise it and do it.

It is a diagrammatic test of nonverbal reasoning skills – the format and style are based on questions from a Victor Serbiakoff (of MENSA fame) puzzle book, and may be found in psychometric tests similar to the UMAT. [/tab]
[/tabs]


Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © Liquid8 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 
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Lantern

New Member
Question 3:

Select the picture that would logically come next in sequence. (Suggested time: 30 seconds)





[tabs]
[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] This is a complete the sequence question. Firstly, note that the elements in each figure are the same, however their location/orientation changes. Note how they do, and you’re set.[/tab]
[tab=Explanation]Focus on one of these elements (it is easiest to choose the one which grabs your attention the most. For the purpose of this explanation however, I will focus on the black–>white box).

Firstly, consider its location. The box moves anticlockwise one step at a time, and will therefore land in the top-right corner in figure 4 (answer: ADE)

Then, consider it’s orientation. The orientation changes from box, to diamond, to box, and will therefore be a diamond again in figure 4 (answer: BDE). You can rule out E as the box doesn’t have a black–> white gradient. Therefore, the answer is D.

Note that in the above approach, it focused on which element will attract your attention the most, and is therefore suitable for people who are easily overwhelmed by a lot of elements. Another approach would be to consider which factor changes the most in the answer options, so you don’t have to consider 3 changes (location, orientation, color) to get the answer. Which approach you take will depend on your strengths/weaknesses, so it is important to recognise these when practicing.

[/tab]
[/tabs]

Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © Liquid8 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

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Lantern

New Member
Question 4:

Select the figure which does not belong to the group. (Suggested time: 1 minute 30)



[tabs]

[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach]Looking at the question, you should be able to determine immediately that this is a cube. Spatial reasoning really helps here. If you can imagine the cube as a three dimensional object and remember all the faces on it, and turn it over in your head, this will be a breeze. For the mortals, though, what might be easier is simply examining each face of the cube and which faces are adjacent to it. If a face has two colours, then you can also orient other faces compared to it. – Mana[/tab]
[tab=Explanation]This is one of the harder S3 questions. There is no apparent pattern at first sight – but don’t let that deter you! On careful examination, B to E are all the same cube viewed from different perspectives, but A does not agree with D or E. The left face of A should have to the right of it the left face of E if it was to agree with it (i.e. if it were the same cube) and the top face of A should have the right face of D to the left if it was to agree with it. If you don’t understand what I mean, feel free to send me a pm. -Mana[/tab]
[/tabs]


Difficulty: ★★★★

This question is © Liquid8 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

Lantern

New Member
Question 5:

Select the picture that would logically come next in sequence.(Suggested time: 30 seconds)





[tabs]
[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Correct [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect.[/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] By observation, it is easily noticeable that the image alternates between a cube and hexagon. [/tab]
[tab=Explanation] The cube is rolling/rotating away and to the right of the viewer. That is, the face of the cube on the right is rotating in a clockwise direction and the rest of the cube follows. It follows that the next rotation means that the left face goes to the top and the right face rotates another ninety degrees. – Mana[/tab][/tabs]
[tabs]
[/tabs]
Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © Liquid8 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

Lantern

New Member
Question 6:

Select the picture that would logically fill the empty space.(Suggested time: 45 seconds)





[tabs]
[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] Try and notice whether there are any patterns occurring through the columns, rows or in a zig-zag. Are two cells superimposed to find the third? Nope. What about the number of lines in each cell. Not quite. Number of intersections? Perhaps, count and see. - Lantern [/tab]
[tab=Explanation]It’s pretty straightforward, actually. Look at the number of intersections in each picture. The top row is 4,9,2, the middle is 3,5,7 and the bottom row is 8,1,? Naturally, the only missing number is 6, and the only one with that many intersections is B. – Mana[/tab]
[/tabs]


Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © Liquid8. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 
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Lantern

New Member
Question 7:

Pick the image that would come in the middle of the following sequence. (Suggested time: 1 minute – Mana)



[tabs]
[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect.[/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] At first sight, it might not seem like there is an obvious pattern or sequence to this. Contrary to popular belief, you do not always need to place ALL of the pictures into a sequence to determine the middle one, nor do you need to use all the pieces. Sometimes, it is easier to eliminate the ones which are clearly not in the middle. In classic “pick the middle” questions, sometimes there may be two different sequences occuring. This is your hint. – Mana[/tab]
[tab=Explanation]Looking at the outside ring, there are two that have a dark bead in the bottom right and three that have a light bead in the top left. The only logical sequence that these could be put into, then, is alternating – top left, bottom right, top left, bottom right, top left. It follows that B and C can only be in positions 2 and 4 (though not necessarily respectively) and A, D and E fit into positions 1,3 and 5. Examination of the inside ring in A, D and E shows the bead moving from bottom left to bottom right to top right in an anti-clockwise direction (alternatively, the reverse, in a clockwise direction). Thus the middle of A, D and E is the one with the internal bead on the bottom right, which is A. – Mana[/tab][/tabs]
[tabs]
[/tabs]

Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © adomad 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

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Lantern

New Member
Question 8:

Select the number that would logically come next in sequence. (Suggested time: 1 minute - Lantern)





[tabs]
[tab=options]A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[/tab]
[tab=A]A. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=B]B. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=C]C. Correct! [/tab]
[tab=D]D. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=E]E. Incorrect. [/tab]
[tab=Suggested Approach] When you look at a number sequence pattern, especially one which is increasing, you should first look at the differences between the numbers to see how they are changing.- Lozzy[/tab]
[tab=Explanation]If you look at the differences, you will notice that they are 64, 16, 36, 81, ? (try jotting them down if you can’t remember them). You should notice that all these numbers are squares, and are squares of 8, 4, 6, 9, ?. If you jot this down, you will automatically realise that these numbers are the middle numbers of the number before it, so that the sum of a number and the square of its middle number, will give you the next number.

The answer will therefore be 377+49=426. Therefore, the answer is C. – Lozzy
[/tab]
[/tabs]


Difficulty: ★★★★★

This question is © Liquid8 2010. Any unauthorised reproduction or distribution of this question is not permitted without permission.
 

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